Despite the United Nations principles in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity, transsexuals in the middle East are subjected to various forms of harassment, torture and discrimination. The founder of the "Transgender Arab project" Zane Ahmed explains that transgender people in Arab society are facing many problems from the very beginning of his life. He asserts that transgender prisoners are bodies that do not reflect their essence.
In addition, according to Zane, there are many cultural problems faced by transgender people: "the Arab community lacks awareness and enlightenment on cases of violation of sexual identity." He believes that transgender people often live in countries that do not recognize them and they have no laws protecting their rights, hence the idea of creating transgender project, which aims to educate society about sexual and gender identity
Zane works as an activist in the field of documenting violations, distribution of information and protecting the rights of transgender people, who belong to the category of human rights such as the right to a nationality. According to Zane, the rights of transgender people include all the stages of gender reassignment, amendments to the identity documents, after appropriate psychiatric diagnosis, and the right to health care. He points to the importance of the presence of psychologists, who must explain to the parents of transsexual situation from a scientific point of view, and compliance with the Protocol of the who on the change of gender without the intervention of Ministers of religion
The organization Human Rights Watch noted that the transgender people for many years lived freely in Kuwait. They could safely and freely change jobs without explicit intervention from the security services. According to the report, the situation began to change in may 2007, when Kuwait's national Assembly has amended article 198 of the Criminal code according to which today any person who looks as not befitting his gender identity, will be deprived of liberty for a term of one year or fined in the amount of one thousand Kuwaiti dinars.
The organization notes that the amendments have led to the fact that the police began to arrest and sexually assault women. All women interviewed by Human Rights Watch confirmed that they were subjected to torture, humiliation, assaults and sexual harassment by police officers. The organization believes the amendments made a violation of the principles of human rights enshrined in international declarations, which were adopted by Kuwait.
The situation in Iran is perhaps unique. Though Iranian law prohibits homosexuality and sentences of persons convicted of "homosexuality" to death, this country leads the world in the number of sex change operations, and the Iranian government covers half their cost.
It is reported that over the past two decades in Iran was conducted more than a thousand sex-change surgeries. This figure is seven times more than in European countries. Thus, Iran ranks second in the world in the number of such operations after Thailand.
After a struggle that began in 1970, the first Iranian transgender activist Maryam Molkara managed to convince Ayatollah Khomeini in his position, after he visited it in 1987. In that year he issued a fatwa authorizing the sex change surgery. Then said Khomeini: "If someone wants to change their current gender because he feels that they are stuck inside the body and does not consider it his own, he has the right to dispose of this body and change your gender to the other." In addition, transgender people won the right to obtain new identity documents. This fatwa was later confirmed by many Iranian scholars. According to the report of BBC, the problem lies in the fact that the Iranian government and even society insist that homosexuals have changed their gender. For this reason, many of them fleeing the country to avoid operations. In Iran you can be a transgender, but I can't be gay.
The word "innovation" still applies to Russia. But the audit office report for 2014 is similar to the history: of the 16 technology parks, the construction and development of which the government in 2007 has allocated 12 billion rubles, "significant achievements" have only five. One of the Technopark in Naberezhnye Chelny, two years of existence has produced only one computer program. And it's not just an inefficient expenditure of budget. Somehow, inventors and programmers "reserves" in the conditional Naberezhnye Chelny prefer a close cafes in the capitals, and even better - internships in Western companies.
In 2013 analyzing the prospects of "SKOLKOVO" in Forbes magazine, Professor at the Higher school of Economics Sergei Medvedev proposed a special decree to establish in stanove the Backbone of the Russian Modernization gay quarter like Castro in Silicon valley. A "closed system no longer is able to make difficult decisions and will be even more exposed to global flows, - says the expert. - Not being able to manage them, they put themselves in a peripheral position. In our interdependent world, questions of sex, gender, race and tolerance are not a matter of ethics and identity, and the issue of the economy and the country's survival in global competition".
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