On the other hand, the Babylonian authors are not encouraged to marry temple prostitutes... Men connected with the cult (assinnu), regarded as eunuchs, homosexuals, or as both"the Goddess of love and war Ishtar/Inanna, was a controversial figure, acting sometimes as female and sometimes as male. She "did not conform to the expected female roles of wife and mother, and in most cases led himself as a man..., Respectively, Ishtar was worshipped as the beloved virgin, and as the bearded warrior"
In the Sumerian hymn says that Ishtar had the power to turn women into men and men into women.Not surprisingly, dedicated to assinuus, kurgarrus and kulu'us or galas acted in the same way. "It seems that all three groups belonging to cults that were born male (or hermaphrodites), but... their appearance was either fully female or they had both male and female characteristics".
Perhaps dedicated to the cult engage in same-sex relationships... their gender is ambiguous: even the corresponding cuneiform sign, indicating their (UR.SAL) meant "man-woman" or literally "dog-woman" ("the dog" was a masculine in a negative sense)".
Being the representatives of the third sex, assinnus, kurgarrus and kulu'us destroyed one of the most important boundaries of Mesopotamian society — the boundary between a man and a woman. Such people are abnormal: bisexual followers of the goddess Ishtar, which in itself was a major violator of the border. It makes adherents are dedicated, strong and dangerous, and at the same time immoral, marginalized and frightening"
None of the Hittite laws do not outlaw homosexuality, with the exception of cases of incest: "If a man rapes his son, he faces the death penalty"".Since there is very little information about homosexuality among the Hittites, we cannot say for certain whether those practices or not. However, we know about bestiality. "A sexual relationship with the sheep or cows were banned... But the connection with horses or mules did not threaten any punishment
Texts, where it would be described homosexual behavior of the Canaanites was preserved. Based on a lion. 18:24 and on the basis of its context, we can assume that such relations in Canaan practiced. "In this case, however, I must say that we know the texts do not speak about homosexuality as something common, and in the remaining figures is also not traceable. The cult of fertility, promiscuity, bestiality, incest, Yes — but not homosexuality
The old Testament prohibits homosexuality (Lev. 18:22; 20:13). It cites cases of its manifestation. All these cases were perceived negatively. Homosexuality is an abomination and should be punishable.
In the old Testament the Apocrypha the Wisdom of Solomon speaks repeatedly about the sin of Sodom, he condemned mainly as sin is not hospitality. But (14:26) refers to sexual misconduct, which could indicate homosexuality.
The Pseudepigrapha also are hostile to homosexuality, the more it can be seen from the 2nd book of Enoch. "In the second book of Enoch 34:1-3 is talking about sodomy, while in 10:4, 5 specifically refers to pederasty. The book traces the negative attitude to, and to another
according to the second book of Enoch, homosexuality was practiced even before the flood. The authors of Pseudepigrapha that mentions homosexuality, I see it not only "as a sin in the religious sense, but also as a crime in a civil or criminal sense... the Jews condemned the Gentiles for the recognition of homosexuality is a legitimate practice, as indicated by their legislation
rabbinic Judaism was no exception. "In the Mishnah prescribes that homosexuality requires punishment more severe than death." Mishnah Sanhedrin 8:7 "considers homosexuality on a par with such crimes as murder and adultery, apart from the so-called "ritual" crimes. The Mishnah believes homosexuality is a more serious crime than murder, but not so serious as bestiality, the desecration of the Sabbath or idolatry, given them spiritual consequences. The Mishnah also prohibits unmarried man to teach children, and two unmarried men sleep under one blanket
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