Legislation in the field of LGBT and operation of the state and political institutions in General for a long time depended on political situation in Ukraine. For example, during the presidency of Viktor Yushchenko began to appear EN masse and actively homophobic organizations, especially religious, family and conservative wing. The Church became a catalyst such activities, saying for the first time in 2007, the Declaration "On negative attitude towards the phenomenon of homosexuality and attempts to legalize so-called same-sex marriages (registration of same-sex partnerships)" (the Institute for religious freedom 2007), which signed by representatives of all major churches of all Christian confessions and denominations as well as members of other Abrahamic religions. In 2010, the Declaration was signed again.
Its characteristic feature was an active homophobic legislation, namely cooperation in the field homophobic as Pro-government and opposition parties, and the absence of political forces that clearly came to the defense of the rights of homosexual minorities. However, the latter phenomenon is observed today.
The first one was even passed in the first reading, but in the end were not included in the agenda of the new Parliament and was therefore withdrawn; second draft law No. 10290, more precisely, its actual continuation No. 1155 was also withdrawn in the period of the then convocation of the Verkhovna Rada. In General the initiators of these bills adopt the experience of parliamentarians of the Russian Federation, where about this time a lively discussion and eventually a law was passed banning "propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors".
Now the situation around the LGBT rights is characterized, according to experts, the maximum non-interference of the state in this sphere: "State institutions just prefer not to touch this issue...that is to state, this problem probably does not exist... [the New government] does not articulate this theme as the main. She's just trying to avoid discussing in any context on this topic"
The main drawback in determining the level of homophobia in Ukraine is the fragmentation of the polls, which would have included questions about attitudes towards LGBT people. Such surveys are conducted on various sociological companies, often on the order of various LGBT organizations, and therefore the wording of questions is also different, which does not allow to assess the dynamics of public opinion in a certain period.
Examples include regular monitoring of the population's attitudes towards LGBT allocated polling company TNS commissioned by the human rights centre "Our world". In the table below you can see the summary results of answers to the question "should the people of Ukraine who have a homosexual orientation, have the same rights as other citizens of our country?" in the framework of these surveys in 2002, 2007 and 2011
Another poll, showing the dynamics of public opinion — international study of the European Social Survey, which is conducted every two years. His questionnaire included the statement "Gays and lesbians have the right to live as they want", which, as shown below, the people of Ukraine to a greater extent are not consistent.
The latest poll concerning attitudes to LGBT people, was carried out by the company GfK Ukraine and commissioned by auco fulcrum in December 2014. To the question "we need to pass a law banning discrimination based on sexual orientation?" 34.4 per cent answered in the affirmative (including 20.8 percent for the prohibition of discrimination in all spheres of labor, family and inheritance law etc. 13,5% — for the prohibition of discrimination in certain areas), 36.6 percent negative, and 29% are undecided
in General, studies of public opinion, since the first half of 2000-ies, demonstrated a noticeable reduction in the number of people in Ukraine, positively minded representatives and representatives of LGBT and their rights. The more negative reaction observed when the wording of the question says about the lifestyle of homosexuals ("...have the right to live as they want") than about the provision of certain rights, which can be explained by the fact that the lifestyle of homosexuals is associated with their publicity and visibility.
The factors that determine this negative trend is primarily passive (and sometimes repressive) policies of state institutions in this period, activities of homophobic organizations that promote so-called "traditional values" and, as a consequence, the formation of the misconceptions a large part of society about the phenomenon of homosexuality on the basis of biased information. Was a significant factor and artificial politicization of the issue of LGBT in the framework of "civilizational choice" between the European Union and the Russian Federation (the juxtaposition of "Europe" and traditional values).
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